Pig Farming is one of the most profitable agricultural ventures in Kenya. Pigs are not very demanding to keep unlike poultry. The three ingredients to a successful pig farming operation are getting the right breed, giving the right feed and Proper care.
Pig farming can be practiced as an independent venture or as apart of mixed farming operations. You can keep pigs alongside dairy cattle and feed the pigs the same food.
The good thing about pigs is that they can also feed on food remains that can be collected from hotels and restaurants. Moreover, Pig farming requires small portions of land.
Some of the pig breeds found in Kenya are; Large White (Yorkshire), Middle White, Berkshire, Wessex Saddle black and Landrace.
You can visit Farmers Choice pig unit and you will get very useful information on pig rearing and market information. You can even acquire your parent stock and even feeds from them.
In as far as the market is concerned; demand is higher than supply however you should be weary of middle men who might want to exploit you by offering low purchasing prices.
The market hits the peak at the same time as the tourism peak i.e. (June to August) and (December to January). The demand for pork during this season is very high and farmers target this period.
When tourism is off peak, the market suffers from low pig prices.
Products present in the market include; bacon, ham, pies, rolls, sausages, pork cuts, tallow & lard. Pig manure is used on farms as fertilizer.
Additionally, Farmers choice – the biggest player in the industry can guarantee you ready market if you meet their standards.
Getting commercial pig feed has been to be a challenge to upcoming farmers. However you can be creative in what you feed the pigs.
For some, the challenge could be cultural and religious perceptions about pigs and the notion that pigs are unclean animals.
Pigs feed on both grains and meat. They can also be fed with cooked table scraps and vegetables. they also benefit from having a diet with protein from soybeans or cooked meat. The type of Pig feed is determined by age of the pigs.
Feeding them on minerals including cotton seed cake, fish meal, sunflower etc increases the rate of growth.
As far as housing is concerned, it depends on the number you intend to keep. A 10X12 ft house can fit a mother and her children, three to four mothers alone, or 8-10 growing piglets.
The floor should be cemented and slanting so that no water or urine collects inside the house. this makes cleaning easier. It also helps in pest control. One course of stone is will do. The walls can be off-cuts and iron sheets can be used for roofing. You don’t have to use expensive materials to construct the house.
The house requires proper drainage and insulation. Pigs are sensitive to temperature changes especially the piglets and they need proper care. The floor should be
Good, housing is crucial because it determines the survival rate of piglets as much 85 %. It also plays a role in making the pigs gain a market weight in the shortest possible time.
Pig Management Tips
The quality of the original stock will determine the profitability of a pig project. The ideal breeding stock should be of a good growth rate, to facilitate efficient feed conversion for the offspring and disease resistance. You can find such stock at Farmer’s Choice pig units.
In case this is the business venture that you are interested in, I have provided below links to sites which are very detailed on what you should do.
Watch this video for more information
INFONET SITE (Very Detailed) http://www.infonet-biovision.org/default/ct/271/livestockSpecies
FARMER’S CHOICE http://www.farmerschoice.co.ke/pigmanagement.html
PDF Guide on Pig Farming http://journeytoforever.org/farm_library/AD1.pdf
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